China and Russia condemned on Tuesday the United States’ new national security strategy, which was unveiled by President Donald Trump on Monday.
He viewed China as his country’s main competitor, whose rise Beijing said Washington should accept. Russia was also seen as Washington’s competitor.
Russia meanwhile dismissed the strategy as “imperialist.”
“A quick read of the parts of the strategy that mention our country one way or another... (shows) an imperialist character,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.
The paper, he added also showed “an unwillingness to give up the idea of a uni-polar world, moreover, an insistent unwillingness, disregard for a multi-polar world.”
In Beijing, foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said: "We urge the United States to stop deliberately distorting China's strategic intentions and abandon a Cold War mentality. Otherwise it will injure others and damage itself."
Observers said that the national security strategy conflicts with the positive atmosphere that pervaded the first face-to-face meetings between Trump with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.
"China and Russia challenge American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity," the national security document said.
It warned that "Russia aims to weaken US influence in the world and divide us from our allies and partners," while Russian nuclear weapons are deemed "the most significant existential threat to the United States."
The strategy accuses China of seeking "to displace the United States" in Asia, listing a litany of US grievances, from deficits, to data theft to spreading "features of its authoritarian system."
A Chinese Embassy spokesperson responded sharply, saying "it is completely selfish for a country to claim that its own interests are superior to the interests of other countries and to the shared interests of the international community."