Hamas movement is considering three main proposals from mediators of various Arab and international parties on resolving the humanitarian and security situation in Gaza Strip, stating that it refuses to link any proposal to the issue of missing Israelis and insists that this should be done through an “exchange deal” that also includes the release of hundreds of Palestinian prisoners, according to close sources.
Speaking to Asharq Al-Awsat, the sources indicated that one of the proposals was suggested by UN Secretary General’s Personal Representative and Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process Nickolay Mladenov. Another proposal was submitted by Arab officials close to Hamas and, third one, by a foreign country also linked to Hamas.
The sources pointed out that Hamas viewed some of the proposals as "incomplete", including Mladenov’s, noting that the latter occasionally changes his proposals based on contacts with various parties, including Israel, Hamas, the Palestinian Authority (PA), and Arab and international figures.
The sources added that Hamas sees Mladenov's proposal as purely humanitarian that does not help improve the economic situation in a radical manner, but rather temporarily. The proposal also doesn't include any clear security agreement that would guarantee its implementation by the Israeli occupation.
Some of Mladenov’s suggestions relate to introducing fuel to the Gaza power plant with international support, the permanent opening of the Strip’s crossings and allowing all necessary goods to enter Gaza while preserving Israel's right to security, according to the sources.
The sources said that the movement considers all these as temporary solutions and wants stable economic projects and a final solution to the electricity crisis in Gaza. Hamas is also asking for completely lifting the siege on the Strip, while rejecting any Israeli attempts to establish blacklists to prevent the introduction of goods.
As for the proposals presented by Arab and foreign officials, they include full humanitarian assistance to Gaza Strip, opening of crossings and the entry of all goods, provided there is a clear security agreement on the field situation by reaching a truce agreement that includes a swap deal on missing Israelis believed to be prisoners of Hamas.
The sources pointed out that Hamas rejects any proposal that does not include a clear swap deal of prisoners in exchange for prisoners, under clear terms and international supervision ensuring the implementation of all of its provisions.
Hamas considers all these proposals as incomplete and need further developments to become viable, according to same sources.
The movement also wants its weaponry outside the deal, which Israel is trying to include in some of the proposals presented by the same figures. The sources pointed out that Hamas informed all those who have submitted proposals that marches along the borders will continue until it achieves its goals in breaking the siege and rejecting any political projects that undermine the rights of the Palestinians.
Israel refuses to publicly address any proposals for an exchange deal with Hamas.
Every now and then, Israeli sources indicate there are contacts with several parties to bring back missing soldiers and Israeli civilians detained in Gaza.
The Israeli government and the cabinet are considering proposals to alleviate the severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza Strip, including the expansion of fishing area, introduction of more goods, and the construction of a solar power plant to solve the electricity crisis and other economic projects.
Palestinian Authority fears that these proposals suggested by several parties with US cooperation could lead to passing the "Deal of the Century".