Egypt: Sami Anan Announces Candidacy for Presidential Elections

Egypt's former army chief of staff Sami Anan speaks during a news conference at his office in Cairo, March 13, 2014. (File Photo: REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany)
Egypt's former army chief of staff Sami Anan speaks during a news conference at his office in Cairo, March 13, 2014. (File Photo: REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany)
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Egypt: Sami Anan Announces Candidacy for Presidential Elections

Egypt's former army chief of staff Sami Anan speaks during a news conference at his office in Cairo, March 13, 2014. (File Photo: REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany)
Egypt's former army chief of staff Sami Anan speaks during a news conference at his office in Cairo, March 13, 2014. (File Photo: REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany)

The National Electoral Authority (NEA) announced that it will start receiving application forms from potential candidates for the 2018 presidential elections on Saturday. Meanwhile, Egypt’s former military Chief of Staff Sami Anan declared his own bid for the presidency during a televised speech.

The NEA will receive submission until January 29, according to the presidential race schedule, which is set to start with the vote of Egyptians abroad on March 16, and on March 26 for Egyptians inside the country.

NEA spokesperson Mahmoud El-Sherif announced that the committee did not receive any possible candidacy bids until closing time on Saturday 5 PM.

Anan announced his candidacy hours after President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s announcement that he is running for a second term in office in the presidential poll during his closing speech at the end of the three-day “Tale of a Homeland” conference, where the president and the Egyptian government presented an overview of the projects and achievements made in different fields during the last four years.

During his speech, Anan said he would submit his candidacy for the post of President of the Republic once he has completed the necessary procedures pertaining to his position as former Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Armed Forces, in accordance with military laws and regulations.

He went on to say that as the country is experiencing dangerous times, including the threat of terrorism and deteriorating living conditions. What is needed, he said, is new political and economic policies that respect the constitution and “ensure rights and freedoms, and preserves the spirit of justice and the values of the republican system.”

“I call on civilian and military institutions to maintain neutrality towards everyone who had announced their intention to run and not take unconstitutional sides of a president who will leave his post in a few months,” Anan added.

In 2014, the former military leader declared his intention to run for presidency, but he didn't proceed with his candidacy saying that his decision was "to uphold the country's best interests and to counter conspiracies aimed at the state."

If Anan manages to complete his candidacy requirements, he will be a strong rival for the current president.

To be accepted as a candidate in the presidential election, Egyptian Constitution requires the candidate to be recommended by at least 20 elected parliamentarians or endorsed by at least 25,000 citizens who have the right to vote, in at least 15 governorates, with a minimum of 1,000 supporters from each governorate.

Sisi is endorsed by more than 500 lawmakers out of 596, as well as citizens and other potential candidates.

The NEA issued a decision to assign a number of committees to amend the electoral site of the expatriate citizens, so the citizens can perform their constitutional right to vote in the scheduled presidential elections.

NEA’s executive director Alaa Fouad said that the presidential candidates could present their credentials for themselves or through agents. He added that the agents should have official authorizations from their nominees.

NEA's Deputy Executive Director Major General Rifat Kumsan confirmed that the signing of the medical examination of the applicant will be available until January 26, as the last day for candidates to submit a medical examination.



US Pier in Gaza Facing Latest Challenge - Whether the UN Will Keep Delivering Aid

FILE - This image provided by the US Army shows trucks loaded with humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and the United States Agency for International Development cross the Trident Pier before arriving on the beach on the Gaza Strip, May 17, 2024. (Staff Sgt. Malcolm Cohens-Ashley/U.S. Army via AP, File)
FILE - This image provided by the US Army shows trucks loaded with humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and the United States Agency for International Development cross the Trident Pier before arriving on the beach on the Gaza Strip, May 17, 2024. (Staff Sgt. Malcolm Cohens-Ashley/U.S. Army via AP, File)
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US Pier in Gaza Facing Latest Challenge - Whether the UN Will Keep Delivering Aid

FILE - This image provided by the US Army shows trucks loaded with humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and the United States Agency for International Development cross the Trident Pier before arriving on the beach on the Gaza Strip, May 17, 2024. (Staff Sgt. Malcolm Cohens-Ashley/U.S. Army via AP, File)
FILE - This image provided by the US Army shows trucks loaded with humanitarian aid from the United Arab Emirates and the United States Agency for International Development cross the Trident Pier before arriving on the beach on the Gaza Strip, May 17, 2024. (Staff Sgt. Malcolm Cohens-Ashley/U.S. Army via AP, File)

The US-built pier to bring food to Gaza is facing one of its most serious challenges yet — its humanitarian partner is deciding if it's safe to keep delivering supplies arriving by sea to starving Palestinians.
The United Nations, the player with the widest reach delivering aid within Gaza, has paused its work with the pier after a June 8 operation by Israeli security forces that rescued four Israeli hostages and killed more than 270 Palestinians, The Associated Press said.
Rushing out a mortally wounded Israeli commando after the raid, Israeli rescuers opted against returning the way they came, across a land border, Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari, an Israeli military spokesman, told reporters. Instead, they sped toward the beach and the site of the US aid hub on Gaza’s coast, he said. An Israeli helicopter touched down near the US-built pier and helped whisk away hostages, according to the US and Israeli militaries.
For the UN and independent humanitarian groups, the event made real one of their main doubts about the US sea route: Whether aid workers could cooperate with the US military-backed, Israeli military-secured project without violating core humanitarian principles of neutrality and independence and without risking aid workers becoming seen as US and Israeli allies — and in turn, targets in their own right.
Israel and the US deny that any aspect of the month-old US pier was used in the Israeli raid.
The UN World Food Program, which works with the US to transfer aid from the $230 million pier to warehouses and local aid teams for distribution within Gaza, suspended cooperation as it conducts a security review. Aid has been piling up on the beach since.
“You can be damn sure we are going to be very careful about what we assess and what we conclude,” UN humanitarian chief Martin Griffiths said.
Griffiths told reporters at an aid conference in Jordan this week that determining whether the Israeli raid improperly used either the beach or roads around the pier “would put at risk any future humanitarian engagement in that operation.”
The UN has to look at the facts as well as what the Palestinian public and militants believe about any US, pier or aid worker involvement in the raid, spokesman Farhan Haq told reporters in New York.
“Humanitarian aid must not be used and must not be perceived as taking any side in a conflict,” Haq said. “The safety of our humanitarian workers depends on all sides and the communities on the ground trusting their impartiality.”
Rumors have swirled on social media, deepening the danger to aid workers, humanitarian groups say.
“Whether or not we've seen the pier used for military purposes is almost irrelevant. Because the perception of people in Gaza, civilians and armed groups, is that humanitarian aid has been instrumentalized" by parties in the conflict, said Suze van Meegen, head of operations in Gaza for the Norwegian Refugee Council.
Oxfam International and some other aid organizations said they are waiting for answers from the US government because it's responsible for the agreements with the UN and other humanitarian groups on how the pier and aid deliveries would function.
Questions include whether the Israeli helicopters and security forces used what the US had promised aid groups would be a no-go area for the Israeli military around the pier, said Scott Paul, an associate director at Oxfam.
The suspension of deliveries is only one of the problems that have hindered the pier, which President Joe Biden announced in March as an additional way to get aid to Palestinians. The US has said the project was never a solution and have urged Israel to lift restrictions on aid shipments through land crossings as famine looms.
The first aid from the sea route rolled onto shore May 17, and work has been up and down since:
— May 18: Crowds overwhelmed aid trucks coming from the pier, stripping some of the trucks of their cargo. The WFP suspended deliveries from the pier for at least two days while it worked out alternate routes with the US and Israel.
— May 24: A bit more than 1,000 metric tons of aid had been delivered to Gaza from the pier, and the US Agency for International Development later said all of it was distributed within Gaza.
— May 25: High winds and heavy seas damaged the pier and four US Army vessels ran aground, injuring three service members, one critically. Crews towed away part of the floating dock in what became a two-week pause in operations.
— June 8: The US military announced that deliveries resumed off the repaired and reinstalled project. The Israeli military operation unfolded the same day.
— Sunday: World Food Program chief Cindy McCain announced a “pause” in cooperation with the US pier, citing the previous day's “incident” and the rocketing of two WFP warehouses that injured a staffer.
“The WFP, of course, is taking the security measures that they need to do, and the reviews that they need to do, in order to feel safe and secure and to operate within Gaza,” Pentagon spokeswoman Sabrina Singh said this week.
The pier has brought to Gaza more than 2,500 metric tons (about 5.6 million pounds) of aid, Singh said. About 1,000 metric tons of that was brought by ship Tuesday and Wednesday — after the WFP pause — and is being stored on the beach awaiting distribution.
Now, the question is whether the UN will rejoin the effort.
For aid workers who generally work without weapons or armed guards, and for those they serve, “the best guarantee of our security is the acceptance of communities” that aid workers are neutral, said Paul, the Oxfam official.
Palestinians already harbored deep doubts about the pier given the lead role of the US, which sends weapons and other support to its ally Israel, said Yousef Munayyer, a senior fellow at Washington's Arab Center, an independent organization researching Israeli-Arab issues.
Distrustful Palestinians suffering in the Israel-Hamas war are being asked to take America at its word, and that’s a hard sell, said Munayyer, an American of Palestinian heritage.
“So you know, perception matters a lot,” he said. “And for the people who are literally putting their lives on the line to get humanitarian aid moving around a war zone, perception gets you in danger.”