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'Not Yet too Late': France Says Lebanon Must Act to Deliver New Cabinet

'Not Yet too Late': France Says Lebanon Must Act to Deliver New Cabinet

Wednesday, 16 September, 2020 - 08:00
Black smoke rises from a fire at warehouses at the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, Sept. 10. 2020. (AP)

France said on Wednesday it was not too late for Lebanon’s politicians to form a government to save the nation from a crippling economic crisis, after they missed a deadline this week to create a cabinet.

Lebanon is grappling with a financial meltdown and is facing the biggest threat to its stability since a 1975-1990 civil war.

French President Emmanuel Macron has taken a lead role in the international effort to rescue the country from disaster, visiting twice since a massive explosion at Beirut port on Aug. 4 ripped through the city and compounded Lebanon’s problems.

But Lebanon’s rival sectarian factions failed to deliver on a commitment to Macron to form a cabinet of specialist ministers by Sept. 15 to start reforms demanded by donors to trigger aid flows.

“It is not yet too late. Everyone must assume their responsibilities and finally act in the sole interest of Lebanon,” a French presidency official told Reuters, saying politicians must back the prime minister-designate’s efforts.

Mustapha Adib has been seeking to appoint ministers so they can begin work on a French roadmap. Sources say he has sought to switch control of ministries, many of which have been held by the same factions for years.

But major Shiite and Christian players in the sectarian power-sharing system have complained that Adib.

“It appears that some did not understand or did not want to understand that the French initiative is the last opportunity to save Lebanon and to prevent its disappearance,” Walid Jumblatt, the leader of Lebanon’s Druze community, wrote on Twitter.

He echoed comments by French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, who said last month that Lebanon could disappear without critical reforms.

Simon Abi Ramia, a lawmaker in the Free Patriotic Movement that was founded by President Michel Aoun, said on Twitter that Lebanon faced a critical 24 hours in which either the “logic of reason” would win and a government would emerge or Adib would step down.

The French roadmap sets out milestones for a new government, ranging from resuming stalled talks with the International Monetary Fund to fixing the broken electricity system.

But the plan has stumbled at the first hurdle as Lebanon’s political elite, who have overseen years of industrial-scale state corruption, have bickered over how the cabinet is formed.

The most significant objections have come from Shiite parliament Speaker Nabih Berri, an ally of Iran-backed Shiite party Hezbollah. He has insisted on naming the finance minister, a post he has decided on since 2014.

Hezbollah supports his position, telling Aoun on Tuesday that Shiite ministers must be approved by Shiite parties and that the finance minister should be a Shiite, sources say according to Reuters.

One of Berri’s closest aides and former Finance Minister Ali Hassan Khalil was slapped with US sanctions last week for corruption and enabling Hezbollah, which is designated as terrorist by Washington.

Former Prime Minister Saad Hariri said no sect had the exclusive right to the Finance Ministry or other portfolios.

In a tweet, Hariri said rejecting the idea of switching control of ministries was frustrating “the last chance to save Lebanon and the Lebanese”, referring to the French initiative.

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