US researchers have warned against hurricanes in the southern Arabian Peninsula similar to the extreme hurricanes that were formed in the Arabian Sea for the first time in 2014 and 2015.
Researchers from Princeton University and US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revealed that the hurricanes that took place few years ago were the result of global warming.
Their simulation modelings showed that the burning of fossil fuels since 1860 would lead to an increase in the destructive storms in the Arabian Sea by 2015, marking one of the first times that modeled projections have synchronized with real observations of storm activity, the researchers said.
In a study published by the journal, Nature Climate Change, the driving force behind the appearance of the extreme cyclonic storms was higher-than-normal temperatures, in addition to the increased atmospheric concentrations of sulfate, organic carbon, black carbon and other compounds that result from human activities.
In October 2014, Cyclone Nilofar formed off the western coast of India. The unusual system was the first extreme cyclonic storm —defined by wind speeds greater than 102 miles per hour—on record to appear in the Arabian Sea after South Asia's monsoon season.
Then, in 2015, two even stronger extreme cyclones rolled in off the Arabian Sea—in one week.