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Lebanon Activists Set Sights on Vote

Lebanon Activists Set Sights on Vote

Saturday, 23 October, 2021 - 04:15
An electoral billboard reading "The people have decided, the change has started" in Dbayeh, east of Lebanon's capital Beirut, ahead of elections next year. AFP

Two years after a now-defunct protest movement shook Lebanon, opposition activists are hoping parliamentary polls will challenge the ruling elite's stranglehold on the country.

Hundreds of thousands of Lebanese took to the streets from October 17, 2019 in an unprecedented countrywide and cross-sectarian uprising.

Their demands were for basic services and the wholesale removal of a political class they accused of mismanagement and corruption since the end of the 1975-1990 civil war.

But as the country sank further into economic turmoil, made worse by the coronavirus pandemic, what demonstrators called their "revolution" petered out.

Many then saw a probe into the cataclysmic 2020 Beirut port blast as the best chance to bring down Lebanon's hereditary political barons, but even intense international pressure in the explosion's aftermath failed to make them change their ways.

Last week, feuding parties turned Beirut into a war zone, with heavy exchanges of fire killing seven people in a flare-up sparked by a rally against the main investigating judge.

Lawyer and activist Firas Hamdan is one of many to say that the elections, set for next year, will be a new opportunity for people to raise their voices against the authorities.

"We tried everything -- protests in a single location and across regions, demonstrations outside the central bank and near the homes of officials, following lawmakers and officials into restaurants and coffee shops, and blocking roads -- but all to no avail," he said.

Instead now "the parliamentary elections will be a pivotal moment in confronting the system -- even if not the final battle," AFP quoted him as saying.

Hamdan said the polls would allow people to choose between those who want to actually "build a state", and a tired ruling class "that only knows the language of arms, destruction and blood".

Zeina El-Helou, a member of new political party "Lana" (For Us), said it was time to "move on from the nostalgia of throngs of people in the streets chanting" for change.

Activists needed instead to work on "managing frustrations and expectations" for the future, she said.

The political battle would be tough, as it opposed two sides of "unequal means", she said, referring to her side's limited financing or access to the traditional media for campaigning, and to gerrymandering giving establishment parties the advantage.

The various opposition groups have yet to decide how they will take part in the upcoming polls, and some observers have criticized them for failing to coordinate their efforts effectively.

Maher Abu Chakra, from the new grouping "Li Haqqi" (For My Right), said the polls would likely not change a thing but it was "important to take part".

"It's a first step on the path to lasting change."

But he too acknowledged the challenges.

"When people's priority becomes making sure they can provide basic needs, they're less ready for confrontation" in politics, he said.

Tens of thousands have been laid off or have taken pay cuts since the start of the crisis, and many people have been deprived of their own life savings, which have become trapped in the banks.

In some cases, traditional parties have managed to wheedle their way back into voters' homes by giving them food, fuel or medication, or even paying their electricity or water bills.

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