Saudi Arabia's stock exchange said on Sunday it was launching a market-making framework for its stock and derivatives markets to help ensure liquidity and raise price-determination efficiency.
Entities must be exchange members, derivatives exchange members or their clients to be market makers.
"Market Makers have to ensure the availability of liquidity for a listed security by providing continuous quotes throughout market open session," the Saudi Exchange, also known as Tadawul, said.
"The Saudi Exchange will monitor compliance with Market Maker obligations, and will provide incentives to the Market Maker after obligations are met."
State-led IPO programs in Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi and Dubai have helped equity capital markets in the oil-rich Gulf, in sharp contrast to the United States and Europe, where global banks have been trimming headcount in a deal-making drought.
Gulf issuers have raised about $16 billion through such listings this year, accounting for about half of total IPO proceeds from Europe, the Middle East and Africa, Refinitiv data shows.
Saudi oil giant Aramco's base oil subsidiary Luberef expects to raise up to 4.95 billion riyals ($1.32 billion) from its IPO if it prices at the top of a range announced on Sunday.
Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said in July that Saudi Arabia aimed for its stock exchange to be among the three biggest in the world, part of a broad economic agenda to diversify the economy away from oil.
As of October, Tadawul was the world's ninth largest exchange by market capitalization of listed companies at $2.86 trillion, just ahead of the London Stock Exchange, according to Statista.