Saudi Arabia Calls for Sighting of Ramadan Crescent Moon on Tuesday

Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom to sight the crescent moon of the holy month of Ramadan. (SPA file photo)
Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom to sight the crescent moon of the holy month of Ramadan. (SPA file photo)
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Saudi Arabia Calls for Sighting of Ramadan Crescent Moon on Tuesday

Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom to sight the crescent moon of the holy month of Ramadan. (SPA file photo)
Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom to sight the crescent moon of the holy month of Ramadan. (SPA file photo)

Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court called on all Muslims throughout the Kingdom to sight the crescent moon of the holy month of Ramadan on Tuesday evening.

It called on whoever sights the crescent moon by naked eyes or through binoculars to report to the nearest court and register their testimony, or to contact the nearest relevant department to guide them to the nearest court.



KSrelief's Masam Project Dismantles 727 Mines within a Week in Yemen

Saudi Arabia, represented by KSrelief, seeks through the project to clear Yemeni lands of the mines that were randomly planted by the Houthis. SPA
Saudi Arabia, represented by KSrelief, seeks through the project to clear Yemeni lands of the mines that were randomly planted by the Houthis. SPA
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KSrelief's Masam Project Dismantles 727 Mines within a Week in Yemen

Saudi Arabia, represented by KSrelief, seeks through the project to clear Yemeni lands of the mines that were randomly planted by the Houthis. SPA
Saudi Arabia, represented by KSrelief, seeks through the project to clear Yemeni lands of the mines that were randomly planted by the Houthis. SPA

King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) Project (Masam) for clearing mines in Yemen, dismantled, during the third week of February, a total of 727 mines across Yemen, including 134 anti-tanks and 587 unexploded ordnance.
Since the beginning of the project, as many as 433,333 mines have been dismantled.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, represented by KSrelief, seeks through the project to clear Yemeni lands of the mines that were randomly planted by the Houthi militia, causing death and injury of innocent children, women, and the elderly.


Ninth Saudi Relief Plane Carrying Aid to Ukrainian People Arrives in Poland

The 80 tons of goods include generators and electrical appliances. SPA
The 80 tons of goods include generators and electrical appliances. SPA
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Ninth Saudi Relief Plane Carrying Aid to Ukrainian People Arrives in Poland

The 80 tons of goods include generators and electrical appliances. SPA
The 80 tons of goods include generators and electrical appliances. SPA

The ninth Saudi relief plane, operated by the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) has arrived at the Polish airport of Rzeszów, located near the Ukrainian border, from where its payload will be transported across the Polish border into Ukraine.
The 80 tons of goods include generators and electrical appliances.
This assistance is in keeping with the Kingdom’s historic role in helping people around the world in times of crises.


Two Saudi Relief Planes Deliver Trucks, Forklifts to Aid Palestinian Relief Efforts in Egypt

The two aircraft carry on board two trucks and two forklifts. SPA
The two aircraft carry on board two trucks and two forklifts. SPA
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Two Saudi Relief Planes Deliver Trucks, Forklifts to Aid Palestinian Relief Efforts in Egypt

The two aircraft carry on board two trucks and two forklifts. SPA
The two aircraft carry on board two trucks and two forklifts. SPA

The 39th and 40th Saudi relief planes, dispatched by King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) in coordination with the Ministry of Defense, arrived on Thursday at Egypt’s El-Arish International Airport.
The two aircraft carry on board two trucks and two forklifts, which were delivered to the Egyptian Red Crescent to facilitate the loading and transportation of relief aid arriving at El-Arish Airport destined for the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip
This comes within the framework of the historical role of the Kingdom, known for its longstanding commitment to standing by needy countries and peoples around the world in various crises they face.


Saudi Ambassador to Canada Meets with Arab Counterparts

Saudi Arabia’s Embassy in Ottawa, Canada can be seen. (File/AP)
Saudi Arabia’s Embassy in Ottawa, Canada can be seen. (File/AP)
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Saudi Ambassador to Canada Meets with Arab Counterparts

Saudi Arabia’s Embassy in Ottawa, Canada can be seen. (File/AP)
Saudi Arabia’s Embassy in Ottawa, Canada can be seen. (File/AP)

Saudi Ambassador to Canada Amal bint Yahya Al-Muallami has recently attended a meeting of the Council of Arab Ambassadors to Canada, SPA said on Friday.
The meeting focused on current developments in the Arab countries, particularly the ongoing Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip and the city of Rafah.
The participants have also discussed ways to strengthen and develop cooperation between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and Canada.


MWL Secretary General Meets with US Congress Delegation, Pakistani Minister of Trade

MWL Secretary General Meets with US Congress Delegation, Pakistani Minister of Trade
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MWL Secretary General Meets with US Congress Delegation, Pakistani Minister of Trade

MWL Secretary General Meets with US Congress Delegation, Pakistani Minister of Trade

Secretary-General of Muslim World League (MWL) and Chairman of the Association of Muslim Scholars Sheikh Dr. Mohammed bin Abdulkarim Al-Isa received in Riyadh on Friday a delegation from the US Congress headed by Andrea Carson.

The officials reviewed issues related to strengthening friendship and cooperation among nations and peoples around the world amid unrest and the clash of civilizations.

The meeting praised the MWL conference that was held at the United Nations headquarters in New York that focused on building bridges between East and West and called for a more understanding and peaceful world.

The MWL reiterated its position on the Gaza war, denouncing the horrific killing of women and children in flagrant violation of international humanitarian law.

Also on Friday, Dr. Al-Isa received Pakistan’s Minister of Trade, Industry and Production and Acting Minister of Interior Dr. Jawhar Ijaz and Undersecretary of the Ministry of Interior Dr. Aftab Akbar Durrani.

The officials discussed a number of issues of common interest at the Islamic and international levels and prospects for bilateral cooperation.


Saudi Leadership Congratulates Sultan of Brunei, Emperor of Japan on Respective National Days

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister. (SPA)
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister. (SPA)
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Saudi Leadership Congratulates Sultan of Brunei, Emperor of Japan on Respective National Days

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister. (SPA)
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister. (SPA)

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud sent on Friday a cable of congratulations to Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah of Brunei on the anniversary of his country's National Day.

He wished the Sultan constant good health and happiness and the government and people of Brunei steady progress and prosperity.

Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, sent the ruler of Brunei a similar cable.

King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed also sent separate cables of congratulations to Japan's Emperor Naruhito on the anniversary of his country's National Day.

They wished him constant good health and happiness and the government and people of Japan steady progress and prosperity.


King Salman: Saudi Founding Day Celebrates History of Stability, Harmony 

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz. (SPA)
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz. (SPA)
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King Salman: Saudi Founding Day Celebrates History of Stability, Harmony 

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz. (SPA)
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz. (SPA)

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz stressed on Thursday that Saudi Arabia's Founding Day celebrates the state’s history of stability and the harmony between its leadership and people.

In a post on the X platform, he thanked God almighty for the “unity of this blessed nation and its people.”

He highlighted its 300 years of stability and history that are being commemorated on the occasion.

Saudi Arabia celebrates Founding Day every year on February 22.


Saudi FM Discusses Gaza Situation with French, Turkish Counterparts

The Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs meets with his Turkish counterpart. SPA
The Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs meets with his Turkish counterpart. SPA
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Saudi FM Discusses Gaza Situation with French, Turkish Counterparts

The Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs meets with his Turkish counterpart. SPA
The Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs meets with his Turkish counterpart. SPA

Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs Prince Faisal bin Farhan bin Abdullah met with French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs Stéphane Séjourné on Thursday.
The meeting took place on the sidelines of the G20 foreign ministers' meeting in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The ministers explored ways to enhance bilateral relations between Saudi Arabia and France.
They also discussed regional and international issues of mutual concern, with a particular focus on the developments in the Gaza Strip and its surroundings.

Prince Faisal held a separate meeting with Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan.

The ministers reviewed bilateral relations and means to enhance them in various fields, as well as the latest regional and international developments, particularly in Gaza.


Kuwait to Hold Elections Without the Commission

A Kuwaiti woman casts her vote in previous elections for the National Assembly (KUNA)
A Kuwaiti woman casts her vote in previous elections for the National Assembly (KUNA)
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Kuwait to Hold Elections Without the Commission

A Kuwaiti woman casts her vote in previous elections for the National Assembly (KUNA)
A Kuwaiti woman casts her vote in previous elections for the National Assembly (KUNA)

Kuwait issued a decree on Wednesday temporarily suspending the National Assembly’s election law until Oct. 1.

The government has not set a date for the elections, but they are expected to be held on April 13, immediately after the Eid al-Fitr holiday.

The decree published in the Official Gazette (Kuwait al-Youm) regarding the 2024 National Assembly elections stipulated that a voter who has been convicted by final judgment of a felony, a crime against honor or trust, or a crime of insulting the divine entity, the prophets, or the Emir, shall be prohibited from voting unless rehabilitated.

The memorandum explained that the decree is aligned with the procedural rules of previous National Assembly elections and maintains all the guarantees and gains approved by the temporarily suspended law, including determining the electoral domicile according to the official data specified in the national ID to avoid tampering with the electoral restrictions.

Regarding the suspension of the Elections Commission Law, the memorandum explained that it was impossible to appoint judges to lead the commission within a short time as required by the suspended law.

Judges who join the commission will be required to resign from their work in the judiciary and lose the benefits of their position under the law and the letter sent by the head of the Court of Cassation and the President of the Supreme Council of Judges to the Minister of Justice.

Kuwaiti constitutional expert Mohammed al-Faili explained that the decree addresses the impossibility of implementing the electoral law because judges refuse to be appointed to the administrative body to monitor the electoral process.

Faili further noted that given that the law could not be implemented, and according to the Constitution, elections must be held within two months, and the decree was necessary legislation in the absence of parliament, which could be inferred as a law.

He noted that after suspending the mechanism stipulated for establishing the Elections Commission, the remaining provisions were restored, and the former election management mechanism was used, where the Ministry of Interior is responsible for updating voter lists with an urgent mechanism.

Faili clarified that this decree adopted the text of the postponed Commission law but kept its old provisions in effect, and in this regard, whoever obtained rehabilitation will benefit from it.


Saudi State History: Three Stages of Development, Building on Ancestral Foundations

Individuals from the Saudi society in their different attire (Asharq Al-Awsat)
Individuals from the Saudi society in their different attire (Asharq Al-Awsat)
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Saudi State History: Three Stages of Development, Building on Ancestral Foundations

Individuals from the Saudi society in their different attire (Asharq Al-Awsat)
Individuals from the Saudi society in their different attire (Asharq Al-Awsat)

Throughout the history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, spanning over 300 years, there are tales of founding, unification, and development, weaving a connected narrative. This history holds bright moments and inspiring stories for those who explore it.

It reveals political shifts, social changes, and intellectual awakenings, reflecting the journey of a nation and the evolution of a state.

This nation, once overlooked, rose from adversity to reclaim its place. The Saudi state restored the Arabian Peninsula’s significance and revived its Arab heritage.

The Kingdom’s story features highs and lows, with its significance experiencing rare fluctuations thrice throughout history.

Modern historians label these phases as the “first, second, and third” epochs, though these terms aren't official.

The division started relatively recently, during King Faisal’s reign, with legal scholar and historian Dr. Munir Al-Ajlani being an early adopter. Even during King Abdulaziz’s era, historians like Amin Al-Rihani and Fouad Hamza referred to these periods as “first” and “second” eras.

But what about the years when the state was weak or absent?

These years are the reason behind this logical division historically, although they could be perceived as times that connected different phases.

Before that, it’s important to understand “the historical legacy established by the first state,” which the second and third eras built upon.

This underscores the importance of recalling the history of the Saudi state in all its stages and changes, reminding observers of its rich legacy and deep roots on its founding day, while also shedding light on lesser-known aspects of the Kingdom’s history.

Principles of the First Era of the Saudi State

According to writer and political researcher Jabran Shamia, the first era of the Saudi state embodied key principles.

These include an emphasis on knowledge and understanding in religious and worldly matters, judicial reform and ensuring security, breaking traditions, promoting the right to interpret texts, adhering to constitutional principles in decision-making and governance, educational and social reform, and striving for unity and expanding connections globally.

Shamia highlights several points about the “first Saudi state”:

Firstly, it was an Arab Islamic state, serving as a strong Arab defense against external powers. Secondly, it emerged in complex global, Arab, and local conditions, resisting repression and defamation. Thirdly, it presented a new image of governance in the Arabian Peninsula, leaving a lasting impact on intellectual and social developments in the region and beyond.

This viewpoint is echoed by Sir Harford Jones Bridges, who emphasized the free nature of the Saudi state’s system and its focus on justice, security, and discipline.

Similarly, historian Dr. Abdul Karim Al-Ghraibeh credits the Al Sauds with transitioning the Arabian Peninsula towards civilization, establishing security, order, and unity in previously unsettled lands.

This introduction is vital to grasp why the Saudi state has endured despite attempts to dismantle it, destroy its capital, erase its heritage, and persecute its people.

What’s remarkable is that observers face a rare case in history regarding the continuity of the Saudi state, both in its presence and absence.

Since Imam Muhammad bin Saud's leadership in Diriyah 297 years ago, the total years of weakness or absence amount to no more than 17 years at most, representing less than 6% of its entire existence.

Even during those times, preparations were underway to reclaim governance and symbolize the state’s presence through its legitimate rulers, regardless of their location.

Historian Abdulrahman Al-Ruwished highlights: “Even in their absence, the Al Sauds proudly carried the Saudi flag, never abandoning it."

Numerous stories, including one from a British navy captain, attest to this, describing the Saudi flag near Kuwait in 1901 as “green in color with the Arabic inscription: There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”

Years of Weakness

During times of weakness, the Al Saud family’s absence didn’t mean they were out of the picture. They kept working to regain control. Historians like Dr. Abdel Fattah Abu Alia suggest that the Saudi era is more than just about the state’s existence.

Why did the state return after being absent? According to Dr. Abu Alia, even though the first Saudi state collapsed, its ideas lived on, and people in Najd continued to support the Saudi family.

Despite the state’s absence, people still sent their support to the legitimate ruler.

French historian Felix Mengin predicted the return of rulers like Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud and Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman bin Faisal bin Turki. He believed they would tap into the warlike spirit to reclaim their kingdom, and his predictions transpired over time.

King Abdulaziz’s reign was different. He didn’t just rely on his family’s legacy but also learned from history and modernized governance.

He built a strong state while staying true to his roots. His approach to governance set a unique precedent, focusing on justice, security, and religion, which were valued in Najd.

This legacy continues today, as King Abdulaziz’s descendants carry on his principles, adapting to modern challenges while preserving their heritage.

Saudi Arabia's Evolving Traditions

The descendants of the Kingdom's founder, King Abdulaziz, have upheld his legacy, each monarch surpassing the last in fulfilling their duties.

This sets Saudi Arabia apart, showcasing its rich yet adaptable nature. Over centuries, the kingdom has evolved through its royal customs, blending tradition with innovation.

Under King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s leadership, Saudi Arabia is undergoing a significant revival. The ongoing social changes are unprecedented.

Trying to isolate these achievements from their historical context ignores their ties to three centuries of royal heritage and a six-century history celebrated on the founding day.

Some historians mistakenly divide the state’s history into three eras. However, it’s a continuous story of a single state enduring different roles and epochs while staying true to its founding principles, despite the challenges it has faced.