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As 'Caliphate' Crumbles, ISIS Women Remain Defiant

As 'Caliphate' Crumbles, ISIS Women Remain Defiant

Sunday, 24 February, 2019 - 07:30
US-backed fighters on Friday trucked some 2,000 people out of the ISIS group's last scrap of territory in eastern Syria | AFP

"My son will grow up to become a militant," a woman cried proudly as she stepped off a bus ferrying people out of the ISIS group's last sliver of territory in eastern Syria.

Defiant and angry, she is one of 2,000 people evacuated Friday from the militants' final scrap of territory in the village of Baghouz near the Iraqi border.

At a screening point run by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces close to the village, women clad in black sat on the barren desert floor waiting to be searched by the Kurdish-led fighters.

When asked where they came from, a group of three veiled women sitting on the rocky terrain said they were "followers" of ISIS's so-called "caliphate".

One of them, who refused to give her name but said she was Syrian and originally from the area, burst with anger when asked about the desperate conditions among the holdout radicals.

"Who says we were hungry?" she asked, while gently nursing a newborn baby.

"In a house that has dates, the resident don't go hungry," she added.

Like many of those with her, she refused to acknowledge the steadily approaching end of ISIS's so-called "caliphate".

Declared across swathes of Syria and Iraq in 2014, the proto-state once the size of the United Kingdom has been rolled back to just a few blocks of homes in the desert hamlet.

She insisted the militants had only "stumbled", adding she never wanted to leave their final patch of territory.

"Had the caliph not ordered it, we would not have left," she said, referring to ISIS supremo Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi who remains at large.

"I hope the caliphate will return and spread across all corners of the globe."

- 'Proud he's our caliph' -

US-backed forces have evacuated nearly 5,000 men, women and children from the militant holdout since Wednesday, bringing the SDF closer to retaking the less than half a square kilometer still under ISIS control.

The SDF is trying to pull out the remaining civilians before pressing on with a final push to crush the radicals, unless they surrender first.

Amid the wails of hungry infants at the screening point, another Syrian woman was similarly bold and unapologetic.

"We were scared of air strikes and nothing else," said Umm Abdul Rahman, from the southern province of Daraa, referring to life inside ISIS-held Baghouz.

"We feel very bad right now, but the Islamic caliphate, God willing, will not be defeated," said the 25-year-old.

She said she quit the redoubt with her husband, a wounded militnat who she claimed has not fought in battle for years.

"We were comfortable" in Baghouz, she said.

When asked about ISIS leader Baghdadi, she said she was "proud he's our caliph".

"We used to only listen to his speeches," she said, suggesting she had not seen him in person.

After all, "he is the caliph and of course he is being monitored by everyone", she added.

"Is it possible for him to just appear in person?" she asked rhetorically.

Pronounced dead on several occasions, Baghdadi has not been seen in public since he declared the "caliphate" in 2014.

An Iraqi intelligence official said in May that Baghdadi was still alive, and likely to be in Syrian territory along the Iraqi border.

SDF officials have said he is not believed to be among the militants holed up in Baghouz.

- 'We are weak'-

At the SDF search point, the US-backed fighters separated the women from the men, who stood in a queue waiting to be searched.

Female SDF fighters nearby patted down the female evacuees, most of whom were fully veiled, as their children played on the rocky ochre terrain.

"(The SDF) wants to launch a (military) campaign and we are weak," said one woman, when asked why so many were pouring out of the village.

"We women are weak," she added.

Other women said the exodus was because life inside the IS redoubt was unbearable.

"You can't live inside and you can't even get out", said Sabah Mohammad Chehab, a Syrian in her twenties.

Originally from the northern city of Aleppo, she said smugglers are charging up to $2,000 (1,760 euros) to get people out shrinking patch.

"We are happy to have made it out," she said.

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