On a two-acre field in England's Midlands, Gavin and Alice Munro are taking sustainability to the next level: they harvest trees which they train to grow into chairs. The couple has a furniture farm in Derbyshire where they are nurturing 250 chairs, 100 lamps and 50 tables. It is their answer to what they see as the inefficient and carbon-heavy process of cutting down mature trees to create furniture.
According to Gavin, "instead of force-growing a tree for 50 years and then cutting it down and making it into smaller and smaller bits, the idea is to grow the tree into the shape that you want directly. It's a kind of 3D printing."
Part of the inspiration for the idea came when Gavin was a young boy. He spotted an overgrown bonsai tree which looked like a chair. Gavin, 44, was born with a curved spine and as a child spent several years wearing a metal frame to reset his back.
"The medical staff was just brilliant. The nurses, the doctors, they would kind of combine kindness and competence in a way that really, really impressed me," he added. He began experimenting in 2006 when he tried to grow chairs on two small plots of land in the Peak District, also in central England.
But in 2012, a year after they married, Gavin and Alice set up the company Full Grown and committed to the idea full-time. Progress has been bumpy. One of their first attempts at a crop ended in disaster when it was trampled by cows and eaten by rabbits. They have also had to discover the most effective way to shape a tree without stunting its growth.
The couple has learned to guide shoots already heading in the right direction, rather than forcing shoots the wrong way against their will. The labor and time involved in producing the organic pieces means they do not come cheap.
Chairs sell for 10,000 pounds ($12,480), lamps for 900-2,300 pounds and tables for 2,500-12,500 pounds. The average chair takes six to nine years to grow, and another year to dry out.
The longest commission the company has is for 2030. It is a chair for a customer's retirement. Ancient Romans, Chinese and Japanese are known to have shaped trees to customize their forms.