Lebanon's Govt Approves Economic Reform Plan

In this photo released by the Lebanese Government, President Michel Aoun, center, Prime Minister Hassan Diab, third left, and other government ministers wear masks to help protect themselves from the coronavirus, while attending the cabinet meeting at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, March 19, 2020. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Government via AP)
In this photo released by the Lebanese Government, President Michel Aoun, center, Prime Minister Hassan Diab, third left, and other government ministers wear masks to help protect themselves from the coronavirus, while attending the cabinet meeting at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, March 19, 2020. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Government via AP)
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Lebanon's Govt Approves Economic Reform Plan

In this photo released by the Lebanese Government, President Michel Aoun, center, Prime Minister Hassan Diab, third left, and other government ministers wear masks to help protect themselves from the coronavirus, while attending the cabinet meeting at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, March 19, 2020. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Government via AP)
In this photo released by the Lebanese Government, President Michel Aoun, center, Prime Minister Hassan Diab, third left, and other government ministers wear masks to help protect themselves from the coronavirus, while attending the cabinet meeting at the presidential palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, March 19, 2020. (Dalati Nohra/Lebanese Government via AP)

The Lebanese government approved on Thursday an economic reform plan to save the country from its grave crisis.

Lebanon will request aid from the International Monetary Fund to help the nation find a way out of a dire financial crisis based on the government’s five-year rescue plan, Prime Minister Hassan Diab said.

Diab described the plan, which was adopted unanimously by the cabinet, as a comprehensive “roadmap” for dealing with the spiraling financial crisis and the collapse of the national currency. The crisis has led to escalating violence as protesters enraged by the financial upheaval and rising poverty take to the streets despite a virus lockdown.

International donors have long demanded that Lebanon institute major economic reforms and anti-corruption measures, including in 2018, when they pledged 11 billion dollars. That money has yet to be released.

The current situation is seen as the biggest threat to the country's stability since the 1975-90 civil war.

The pound is still pegged at a rate of 1,507.5 to the dollar, even as it has slumped below 4,000 on a parallel market since October.

Diab said the five-year plan aims to reduce the current account deficit to 5.6% and to secure $10 billion of external support — in addition to the $11 billion pledges in 2018 by international donors.

The plan also envisions that growth would return to positive in 2022 and promises assistance for the needy. The plan also aims to restore an initial budget surplus by 2024, structuring the sovereign debt portfolio and reducing the ratio of public debt to GDP to less than 100% from the current 170%.

Diab called for unity Thursday.

"If we all unite, we will definitely reach the desired success in the future,” he said.



Egypt Says it Cut Foreign Debt by $14 Bln in 5 Months to May

The Central Bank of Egypt's headquarters is seen in downtown Cairo, Egypt March 8, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
The Central Bank of Egypt's headquarters is seen in downtown Cairo, Egypt March 8, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
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Egypt Says it Cut Foreign Debt by $14 Bln in 5 Months to May

The Central Bank of Egypt's headquarters is seen in downtown Cairo, Egypt March 8, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
The Central Bank of Egypt's headquarters is seen in downtown Cairo, Egypt March 8, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany

Egypt reduced its external debt by $14 billion in the five months to end-May, the sharpest such decline in the country's history, a statement released on Monday by Egypt's press center said.
The country's external debt fell to $154 billion as of the end of May from $168 billion at the end of December, according to the statement which quoted an unnamed high-level source at the central bank.
Egypt quadrupled its debt over the last nine years to help among others fund a new capital, build infrastructure and support an overvalued currency.