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Appeals Phase Begins in Hariri Case at Special Tribunal for Lebanon

Appeals Phase Begins in Hariri Case at Special Tribunal for Lebanon

Thursday, 14 January, 2021 - 07:00
People wave Lebanese flags at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon in Leidschendam, the Netherlands. Reuters file photo

An international tribunal charged with investigating the 2005 murder of Lebanese prime minister Rafik Hariri announced Wednesday the start of the appeals phase in the case of four suspects, including one sentenced to life.

Four suspected members of Hezbollah were tried in absentia for Hariri's assassination, a major attack that killed 21 others and wounded 226.

On December 11, after six years of trial, the Netherlands-based court sentenced Salim Ayyash to five life terms following his conviction in August.

But the court said there was a lack of evidence to convict the three other defendants -- Assad Sabra, Hussein Oneissi and Hassan Habib Merhi.

All four were tried in absentia, including Ayyash, 57, who remains on the run.

Prosecutors, Ayyash's lawyers and victims' representatives have filed notices of appeal against the judgements for varying reasons, the Netherlands-based Special Tribunal for Lebanon announced.

"The filing of the notices of appeal marks the beginning of the appeals phase," it said in a statement.

The prosecutor's office said it was alleging "errors of law and errors of fact" and argued that "such errors invalidate the judgement and occasion a miscarriage of justice."

According to the tribunal, Ayyash's lawyers "challenged every finding of guilt returned by the trial chamber" and called for the conviction to be overturned. They were also appealing against the sentence.

The victims' representatives are appealing against the decision not to impose financial penalties against Ayyash, the tribunal said.

The appeals chamber of the tribunal can confirm, reverse or revise the trial judgement, sentence or both. It can also order a re-trial if necessary.

A date was not announced for the start of hearings in the appeals phase.

In the February 2005 attack, a suicide bomber detonated a small van full of explosives as Hariri's armored convoy passed.

Ayyash was found guilty of conspiracy to commit a terrorist act, committing a terrorist act using an explosive device, the "intentional homicide" of Hariri and of 21 other people, and attempted homicide of those injured in the attack.

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