Asian markets were mixed Friday as traders tracked developments in the Omicron virus strain as it spreads around the world, fuelling concerns about the economic recovery, just as the Federal Reserve sets the stage to withdraw its vast pandemic-era financial support.
Hong Kong was among the main losers with several dual-listed tech giants taking a hit after US officials adopted a rule allowing them to remove foreign firms from Wall Street unless they provided certain information to auditors, a move primarily targeting Chinese entities.
Global markets have whipsawed since the Omicron variant hit headlines last Friday over concerns that it may be even more transmissible than the Delta strain and that vaccines may be less effective against it.
While some of the initial panic has died down, with some suggesting it could be milder and that inoculations would be effective, experts have said it could take up to three weeks to get a full picture of the outlook and its possible economic impact.
For now, governments are playing it cautiously, imposing fresh containment measures including travel curbs and some lockdowns, which observers fear could knock the already shaky recovery off track.
Meanwhile, central banks continue to tighten their belts, having stumped up trillions of dollars to get through the initial jolt from the pandemic last year with some having already lifted interest rates twice as they face a battle against soaring inflation.
Eyes are now on the Federal Reserve, which, after months of saying the spike in prices was temporary, has now turned its focus on keeping them from running out of control and is preparing to tighten its belt.
Boss Jerome Powell suggested this week the bank would likely speed up the taper of its bond-buying program and then focus on lifting borrowing costs.
While the moves have been well telegraphed, investors are now having to adjust to the end of the age of cheap cash, which has been a key driver of the rally in world markets to record or multi-year highs in 2021.
- US crackdown -
"From an economic perspective, the variant will likely result in more protracted disruptions to supply chains as countries revamp restrictive measures, which will both hinder activity and contribute to sustained inflation," said Silvia Dall'Angelo, at Federated Hermes.
"In other words, the trade-offs central banks are facing will likely intensify in the short term. Indeed... Powell suggested that the Fed's approach to those trade-offs has started to shift, with concerns on high inflation now taking the front seat."
Wall Street's three main indexes ended sharply higher Thursday, though Asia struggled to pick up the baton.
Tokyo, Sydney, Seoul, Wellington and Jakarta all fell, though there were gains in Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei and Manila.
But Hong Kong dropped more than one percent with tech firms that are also traded on New York's exchange among the worst performers after the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a mandate requiring companies to disclose whether they are "owned or controlled" by a government.
Beijing has refused to allow US officials to inspect audits of companies registered in China and Hong Kong, meaning they are likely to have to leave.
Chinese authorities were already cracking down on US-listed companies, citing national security concerns.
Giants including Alibaba, Tencent, JD.com and NetEase -- which are all traded in the United States -- fell sharply in Hong Kong.
Also Friday, ride-hailing firm Didi Chuxing -- which is not listed in Asia -- said it would delist from New York and begin preparations to begin trading in Hong Kong.
The development is the latest to highlight the frosty relations between China and the United States, which have been at odds on a range of issues including security and technology.
Oil prices extended Thursday's gains after OPEC and other key producers decided to continue their output increases despite the threat of Omicron to demand and the recent move to tap reserves led by the United States.
Crude initially dropped but recovered after the OPEC+ group opened the door to turn the taps down if the virus is seen to be hitting demand.