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Sudan Prepares for New Phase of Civil Rule

Sudan Prepares for New Phase of Civil Rule

Sunday, 4 December, 2022 - 09:45
A march demanding civil rule in Khartoum, Nov. 30 (AFP)

The Sudanese capital will witness on Monday the signing of the framework agreement between the army leaders and the main opposition coalition in the country. The event will be attended by senior international and regional officials.

The Sovereignty Council announced the agreement following a meeting held late on Friday, which brought together the head of the Sovereignty Council, Army Commander Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and his deputy, the commander of the Rapid Support Forces, Lt. Gen. Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, known as “Hemedti”, and the leaders of the political forces that signed the political declaration.

The meeting also included representatives of the international trilateral mechanism and ambassadors of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United States, the UAE and Britain, as well as the countries of the European Union.

The agreement, which will be signed on Monday, ends a political crisis that began with the army’s assumption of power on Oct. 25, 2021, the declaration of a state of emergency, the dissolution of the civilian government, and the arrest of some ministers and political leaders.

According to a statement issued by the Sovereignty Council, the political framework agreement constituted a foundation for resolving the current political deadlock in the country, based on the understandings reached between the military and civilian parties.

Spokesmen for the Freedom and Change coalition said that the political framework agreement established “a real transitional civil authority, which would seek to achieve the goals of the December 2018 revolution, towards the establishment of a transitional constitution.

The country’s military and civilian leaders will sign the agreement during a ceremony at the presidential palace in Khartoum, with the participation of the “tripartite mechanism” that includes the United Nations, the African Union, the intergovernmental African Development Organization (IGAD), and Western and Arab diplomatic missions.

According to the framework agreement, the leaders of the army and the Rapid Support Forces will permanently withdraw from political action, but will participate through the Security and Defense Council, the tasks and powers of which will be determined in accordance with the transitional constitution.

The Council will be headed by a civilian prime minister.

The agreement also stipulates that the head of state be a civilian figure who also presides over the armed forces and the Rapid Support Forces. It also prohibits the formation of military or paramilitary militias.

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