Sisi Stresses Importance of Reaching Legally Binding Agreement on GERD

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) as it appears in a satellite image taken on July 20 (AFP)
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) as it appears in a satellite image taken on July 20 (AFP)
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Sisi Stresses Importance of Reaching Legally Binding Agreement on GERD

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) as it appears in a satellite image taken on July 20 (AFP)
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) as it appears in a satellite image taken on July 20 (AFP)

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi asserted the need to reach a legally binding agreement with Ethiopia before starting the second filling of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Sisi discussed the latest developments concerning GERD with the president of Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh in a telephone call.

The two leaders agreed on the need to resolve the GERD dispute to avoid its negative impact on regional security and stability.

Egypt and Sudan have been negotiating with Ethiopia for almost 10 years to conclude a legal agreement regulating the filling and operation of the dam, which Addis Ababa built on the main tributary of the Nile to generate electric power.

Egypt fears the potential negative impact of GERD on the flow of its annual share of the Nile’s 55.5 billion cubic meters of water, while Sudan warns that filling the dam without an agreement will damage its dams.

The Spokesman for the Egyptian Presidency, Bassam Rady, stated that both presidents discussed several issues on bilateral cooperation, in light of the bilateral and regional cooperation to achieve common interests and maintain security and stability, especially in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea.

For his part, Guelleh affirmed Djibouti's pride in the historical and fraternal relations with Cairo, especially that Egypt is always keen to meet the development needs of his country.


Guelleh pointed out that there are broad prospects for developing relations and promoting cooperation frameworks in various fields.

On Friday, Ethiopia reiterated its rejection of the involvement of international parties in the negotiations, stressing that the pressure of Sudan and Egypt would not push it to accept the treaty on dividing Nile waters.

Water relations between Egypt and the Nile Basin countries are governed by treaties and protocols signed by Britain during the colonial era in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The 1959 agreement between Cairo and Khartoum was later added to the treaties.

Ethiopian Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen warned that unnecessary pressures through deliberate politicization or sabotage should rule policies over the Nile, stressing that encouraging cooperation should be the “guiding spirit”.

“Ethiopia would never agree with such unfair terms that seek to maintain the hydro-hegemony of Egypt and Sudan,” said Mekonnen during a virtual conference hosted by the Ethiopian Embassy in London.

The Ethiopian FM indicated that the negotiations over the GERD provide an opportunity if Egypt and Sudan follow a constructive approach to achieving a win-win outcome within the framework of the ongoing African Union-led process.

Recently, Cairo and Addis Ababa exchanged accusations on the responsibility for the faltering GERD negotiations.

The Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry held Ethiopian intransigence responsible for the current failure, in exchange for flexibility on the Egyptian and Sudanese side.

The Foreign Ministry affirmed that Egypt is still working within the framework of negotiations to resolve the crisis, in a way that does not harm the interests of Cairo and Khartoum.

Addis Ababa intends to start the second filling of the dam during the rainy season next summer, regardless of reaching an agreement.

Sudan has formally requested four-party mediation of the EU, UN, US, and the AU in the GERD issue, which was accepted by Egypt and rejected by Ethiopia.



Israeli Strikes Reportedly Target Hezbollah Ammunition Depot in Lebanon

Lebanese army soldiers check the wreckage of a vehicle after an Israeli airstrike targeted the area near the village of Burj al-Muluk, some 18 kms from the town of Nabatiyeh on July 20, 2024.  (Photo by Rabih DAHER / AFP)
Lebanese army soldiers check the wreckage of a vehicle after an Israeli airstrike targeted the area near the village of Burj al-Muluk, some 18 kms from the town of Nabatiyeh on July 20, 2024. (Photo by Rabih DAHER / AFP)
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Israeli Strikes Reportedly Target Hezbollah Ammunition Depot in Lebanon

Lebanese army soldiers check the wreckage of a vehicle after an Israeli airstrike targeted the area near the village of Burj al-Muluk, some 18 kms from the town of Nabatiyeh on July 20, 2024.  (Photo by Rabih DAHER / AFP)
Lebanese army soldiers check the wreckage of a vehicle after an Israeli airstrike targeted the area near the village of Burj al-Muluk, some 18 kms from the town of Nabatiyeh on July 20, 2024. (Photo by Rabih DAHER / AFP)

Israeli strikes late on Saturday targeted a depot storing ammunition belonging to Hezbollah in southern Lebanon, three security sources told Reuters.

The strikes on the town of Adloun, about 40 km north of Lebanon's border with Israel, set off a string of loud explosions heard by witnesses across the south of Lebanon.

At least four civilians in Adloun were wounded in the strikes, a medical source and a security source told Reuters.

Hezbollah said that its fighters fired dozens of rockets into northern Israel on Saturday, targeting a kibbutz for the first time in nine months in retaliation for an Israeli drone strike earlier in the day that wounded several people including children.
Also Saturday, Hamas said it fired rockets from Lebanon toward an Israeli army post in the northern Israeli village of Shomera in retaliation for the “Zionists massacres” in the Gaza Strip. Hamas has carried out such attacks form Lebanon over the past several months, but they have been rare.
Hezbollah’s attack with dozens of Katyusha rockets on the northern Israeli kibbutz of Dafna came few hours after an Israeli drone strike hit a car in the southern Lebanese village of Burj al-Muluk, and shrapnel from the missile wounded several people who were standing nearby. The state-run National News Agency said that the wounded civilians are Syrian citizens and they included children.

The Israeli military said that about 45 projectiles were detected crossing from Lebanon into northern Israel in three separate barrages. It said that some were intercepted, while others fell in open areas, causing no injuries, but triggering several fires in the Golan Heights.